Access to warm or hot water is essential, especially during the cold Indian winter season. As popularly known in India, water heaters, or geysers, are a permanent fixture in many homes. Water heaters serve myriad purposes in the industrial arena, making them an intrinsic part of the industry or factory unit. The advancement in technology has brought forth improved and qualitative versions of the water heater, and one of the most reliable water heating devices is the Heat Pump.
What Is A Heat Pump, And How Does It Work?
A heat pump is a water heating device that utilises waste heat by increasing the temperature of the waste heat source. The conversion of the waste heat into a useful heat source helps reduce the energy cost by replacing the purchased or billable energy. The heat pump system is designed to increase efficiency and reduce energy costs by using an external thermal energy source. The heat pump operates on the thermodynamic system known as the Camot cycle. By utilising the waste heat that would otherwise be emitted and lost in the environment, they deliver heat at a lower cost than the cost of fuel. The Heat Pump Water Heater is based on similar technology as the refrigerator. A refrigerator transfers heat from the inside to the outside. In the heat pump, this process is reversed by transferring heat from outside to the storage tank in the water heater, thereby increasing the temperature of the water while emitting cool air outside.
The Benefits of the Industrial Heat Pump in India
The Heat Pump Water Heater is increasingly becoming popular, with most users opting for them over traditional boilers or geysers for the many benefits the heat pumps offer.
- Efficiency: Unlike traditional boilers or geysers, heat pumps require less energy to convert thermal energy into heating energy. With the rising energy and fuel costs, the heat pumps are relieved by reducing the cost with their low energy consumption. Heat pumps are more efficient and cost-effective than water heaters, with a coefficient performance of 3, which means they can heat nearly twice as much water with the same energy as a traditional water heater/boiler, making heat pumps a more efficient and cost-effective choice than water heaters.
- Versatile: The heat pumps are designed ingeniously to operate flexibly as both heating and cooling devices, as per the requirements of the unit, which is not the case with other water heating devices. One would require individual devices to fulfil heating and cooling requirements, adding to the cost and maintenance.
- Ecofriendly: By utilising the available energy sources like seawater, environmental air and soil, which otherwise are wasted, the heat pump not only reduces the burden on the already exhausted natural resources but is also an excellent solution for decarbonisation. The reduction in dependency on fuel means the heat pump improves the quality of the air we breathe by drastically reducing carbon emissions. A most welcome and much-needed solution for the overburdened environment and the harmful effects on our health. An added advantage is using natural refrigeration techniques instead of phased-out options, which are detrimental to the planet’s health. Implementing the refrigeration process utilising ammonia or propane will be a step towards protecting the ozone layer.
- Low Maintenance: The Industrial Heat Pump requires lower maintenance than the other alternatives, thus decreasing expenses. Certain policies can make the cost of the heat pump affordable with the involvement of multiple stakeholders and users like government bodies, end users, environmental associations, and engineering companies.
- The future of energy integration: The circular economy is striving toward a change towards renewable energy sources, and the Heat Pump Manufacturers are an essential cog in the wheel towards a cleaner and healthier environment with the minimum impact on the environment from their natural waste-energy-based heat pumps. The heat pump will also act as a community builder by connecting the end-users, the citizens and the environmentalists to the industrial sector. A joint effort towards a carbon-neutral environment.
Heat Pump water heaters are not just the need of the hour but also the future, with more machine systems designed on similar lines for an all-around beneficial solution.